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2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)
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2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)01
2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)02
2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)03
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2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)05
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2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案)

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這是一份2021年內蒙古包頭市東河區中考二模英語試題(word版含答案),共23頁。試卷主要包含了單選題,完型填空,閱讀單選,用所給單詞的正確形式填空,單詞填空,書信作文等內容,歡迎下載使用。


一、單選題
1.—Why did yu take part in the charity run? Yu are nt gd at running at all.
—________, I run t shw that culd help thers.
A.That’s rightB.That’s nt the pintC.It’s nne f yur businessD.It sunds like a pity
2.Althugh life is nt easy, he still desn’t want t d anything ________ his will and give up his dream.
A.withB.withutC.thrughD.against
3.We shuld treasure lives. Everybdy has n________ t take risks with thers’ lives.
A.needB.rightC.dutyD.reasn
4.________ urselves frm the physical and mental stress, we each need deep thught and inner quietness.
A.FreeB.T freeC.FreeingD.Free
5.—Can she g t the basketball game?
—I’m afraid nt. She is nt ________. She must g t the dctr.
A.availableB.acceptableC.relaxedD.wrried
6.—I didn’t see yu at Jim’s party last week.
—I had t g ver fr the cming exam that evening, s I ________ g.
A.needn’tB.mustn’tC.culdn’tD.shuldn’t
7.Wuld yu quickly ________ these figures fr me, and see if there are any bvius mistakes?
A.lk utB.lk thrughC.lk upD.lk ver
8.The vlunteers in the activity were ________ students. They helped a lt.
A.mstlyB.prperlyC.nearlyD.almst
9.Befre yu start reading, ask yurself_____ yu are reading this bk. Mst peple read fr tw main reasns, pleasure r knwledge.
A.whyB.whatC.whereD.when
10.In 1958, pinyin ________ by Chinese Linguist (語言學家) Zhu Yuguang and his team.
A.designsB.designedC.is designedD.was designed
11.Nt everything that is faced can be changed, but ________ can be changed until it is faced.
A.nthingB.smethingC.anythingD.everything
12.Reading is very imprtant, yu can get much knwledge thrugh all kinds f reading materials t ________ sme challenges in life.
A.imagineB.meetC.affrdD.survey
13.The little by ________ his seat t an ld lady n the crwded bus.
A.lentB.fferedC.tkD.brught
14.—Lk! Smebdy ________ the sfa.
—Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t d it.
A.is cleaningB.was cleaningC.has cleanedD.had cleaned
15.—Tm, will the wrk be finished by the end f this week?
—________, in tw days.
A.It all dependsB.Sure. I culdn’t agree mreC.That’s nt the caseD.Yu have my wrd
二、完型填空
Once there lived tw brthers. The elder was called Simn and the yunger was Victr. They 16 each ther very much, and always tk care f ne anther. Every day they wrked frm mrning 17 night, getting as much grain(谷物) as pssible frm their fields.
One late autumn evening, after their wrk in the 18 was dne, Simn said t his wife, “Victr gt married last mnth. He has many bills t pay. I think I will put a bag f rice in his barn(谷倉).” “Oh, that’s a gd idea,” said his wife. “But please dn’t tell him,” said Simn, “If he knws I put the rice there, he will 19 take it.”
S, late that night Simn tk a bag f rice t Victr’s barn. The next day, while lking at his wn barn, he fund 20 strange. “I tk a bag f rice t Victr’s huse last night, 21 I still have the same number f bags in my barn. 22 did that happen? ”
Simn decided t take anther bag f rice t his brther’s barn that night. But the next mrning, he fund the 23 number f bags in his barn again! “ This is very strange,” he thught.
That night he 24 again. He carried a large bag f rice n his shulder, and walked dwn the rad t his yunger brther’s huse. In the bright mnlight, he culd see anther 25 cming dwn the rad. He was carrying smething n his 26 t.
“Yunger Brther!” Simn cried, “What are yu ding?”
“I was 27 yu, Older Brther, ” said Victr. “Yur family is 28 than mine. I thught yu needed mre rice.” The tw brthers quickly 29 that they had been taking rice t each ther. They 30 what had happened. “It is gd t have a brther like yu,” they bth said. And they lived happily ever after.
16.A.dislikedB.hatedC.lvedD.enjyed
17.A.untilB.atC.thrughD.with
18.A.shpsB.fieldsC.hspitalsD.factries
19.A.neverB.smetimesC.usuallyD.ever
20.A.everythingB.anythingC.nthingD.smething
21.A.sB.andC.butD.r
22.A.HwB.WhatC.WhyD.Where
23.A.smallB.differentC.hugeD.same
24.A.plannedB.failedC.hpedD.tried
25.A.brtherB.persnC.sisterD.wife
26.A.backB.shulderC.headD.hand
27.A.prud fB.plite tC.angry withD.wrried abut
28.A.smallerB.richerC.largerD.happier
29.A.rememberedB.realizedC.imaginedD.explained
30.A.laughed abutB.dreamed abutC.pinted atD.shuted at
三、閱讀單選
Thanks t the ancient Silk Rad, the lands f Italy and China have been cnnected fr mre than 2,000 years. Turists frm China and every crner f the wrld cme t visit Italy every year. Here are fur famus cities f Italy.
Rme is the birth place f science, culture and f curse, art in Eurpe. It is the perfect cmbinatin(結合) f the mdern and the classical. When ne walks arund the city, ne can see many museums. Of curse, Rme is als cnsidered as the fashin center f the wrld nw. The Rme Cliseum is tday cnsidered ne wnder f the mdern wrld.
Pisa is a small city. It is famus fr the leaning twer f Pisa. If yu think that Pisa has nly ne leaning twer, yu may just be wrng. This city has three leaning twers. Hme f the famus scientist Galile, Pisa is als knwn fr its universities because the city is hme f sme f the mst imprtant universities in Eurpe.
Flrence is ne f the mst imprtant prvinces arund Italy. Shpping here, yu’ll find David, the mst famus statue(雕塑) f Michelangel. If yu are planning t spend just a cuple f days in Flrence, yu likely will nt want t lse the pprtunity t see and enjy Arnlf Twer. It will be pen n Sunday and Mnday frm 9 a.m t 6 p. m. (clsed in case f rain).
Venice is a city ver a hundred islands. Yu can visit mst interesting places f the city by walks r by the famus gndlas(威尼斯小劃船). Art exhibitins, film festivals, musicals and famus carnival(狂歡節) make Venice a place that can be visited any time f the year.
31.Pisa is als famus fr its ________ besides leaning twers.
A.universitiesB.art exhibitinsC.film festivalsD.museums
32.Accrding t the passage, which ne f the fllwing is NOT true?
A.Pisa has three leaning twers.
B.Yu’ll find David when yu g shpping in Flrence.
C.Yu can visit mst interesting places f Venice by walks r by bus.
D.Every year, thusands f turists all ver the wrld cme t visit Italy.
33.What is the best title fr the passage?
A.Italy and ChinaB.The ancient Silk rad
C.All rads lead t RmeD.Fur famus cities f Italy
Hld yur head up high
I was 15 mnths ld, a happy carefree kid, until the day I fell. It was a bad fall. I landed n a piece f glass that cut my eye badly. Frm then n, s my injured sightless, cludy gray eye lived n with me.
Smetimes peple asked me embarrassing questins. When kids played games, I was always the “mnster”. I grew up imagining that everyne lked dwn n me.
Yet mm wuld say t me, “Hld yur head up high and face the wrld.” I began t rely n that saying. As a child, I thught mm meant, “Be careful r yu will fall dwn r bump int smething because yu are nt lking.”
As a teenager, I usually lked dwn t hide my shame. But I fund that when I held my head up high, peple liked me.
In high schl I even became the class president, but n the inside I still felt like a mnster.
All I really wanted was t lk like everyne else. When things gt really bad, I wuld cry t my mm and she wuld lk at me with lving eyes and say, “Hld yur head up high and face the wrld. Let them see the beauty that is inside instead f yur appearance.”
My mm’s lve was the spark that gave me cnfidence. I had faced hardships, and learned nt nly t appreciate myself but t have deep cmpassin (同情) fr thers.
“Hld yur head up high” has been heard many times in my hme. I say it t my children. The gift my mm gave me lives n.
34.Why did the writer imagine that everyne lked dwn n her?
A.She felt bad abut her appearance.
B.She fund it hard t act as mnster.
C.Kids refused t play games with her.
D.Peple always asked her embarrassing questins.
35.Why did the writer’s mum say “Hld yur head up high” t her?
A.T tell her t be carefulB.T help her hide the shame.
C.T stp her frm getting hurt.D.T make her mre cnfident.
36.Frm the stry. we can knw that the writer ________.
A.understd the saying very well as a child
B.felt like everyne else in high schl
C.is living with a warm and brave heart nw
D.has deep cmpassin fr thers all her life
37.The passage is mainly abut ________.
A.what the writer experienced when she was 15
B.what the writer did t shw thanks fr mum’s gift
C.hw the writer changed herself with mum’s lve
D.the writer has becme cnfident with her great effrts
What subject d yu wrry abut the mst at schl? Many students wrry abut math. Sme students can’t sleep well the day befre a math exam. Others may feel very nervus during the exam itself. But there might be a way t make the subject less stressful.
“Fr peple wh are wrried abut math, psture(姿勢) makes a big difference,” Erik Peper frm San Francisc State University tld the Daily Mail. That’s right-sitting up straight can help yu d better n math exams.
Scientists tested 125 cllege students. They asked them t d a simple math exam while sitting in a slumped-ver(趴到的) psture, r sitting up straight. After the test, 56 percent f students said the exam was easier t d if they were sitting up straight.
Slumping ver is a defensive(戒備的) psture. It can bring abut bad memries in the bdy and brain. This can stp yu frm thinking clearly, Peter said.
Students wh were nt nervus abut taking the math exam did nt necessarily benefit frm better psture. But they did find that ding math while slumped ver was mre difficult, Science Daily reprted.
Gd psture isn’t just helpful fr taking math exams. Sprtspeple, musicians and public speakers can all benefit frm better psture. When yu feel stressed ut, yu can als try t sit up straight r stand tall. It can help yu feel mre certain and fcus better.
38.What psture can make peple feel less stressed during math exams?
A.Sitting up straight.B.Hanging yur head.
C.Lying n yur back.D.Raising ne hand
39.What did the scientists ask the cllege students t d during the test?
A.T d sit-ups.B.T cunt numbers.
C.T think carefully.D.T sit in different pstures.
40.The furth paragraph is written t explain ________.
A.why slumping ver makes exams harder t d
B.why slumping ver is bad fr bne’s health
C.why sme peple slump ver during exams
D.why peple are nervus during math exams
41.Which f the fllwing is the best title fr the passage?
A.Slump Over t Take Exams
B.Sit Up t D Math
C.Better Psture fr Nervus Students
D.Gd Advice fr Better Exams
Assertiveness(堅定,自信) is the ability t cnfidently express yur pinins, feelings, attitudes, and rights, in a way that desn’t infringe(侵犯) the rights f thers.
Many f us are taught that it is nt nice t cnsider ur wn needs abve thse f thers. If smene says r des smething that we dn’t like, we shuld just be quiet and try t stay away frm that persn in the future.
Why is assertiveness imprtant?
If yu dn’t knw hw t be assertive, yu might experience:
Depressin—Anger, a sense f being helpless, hpeless, r f having n cntrl ver yur life.
Resentment—anger at thers fr taking advantage f yu.
●Frustratin—Why did allw that t happen?
Mst peple find it easier t be assertive in sme situatins than in thers. This makes perfect sense. It’s a lt easier t hld yur grund with a stranger than with smene yu lve. But the mre imprtant the relatinship is t yu, the mre imprtant it is t be assertive. Assertive behavir leads t increased respect frm thers!
But befre yu decide t act assertively, yu have t decide if yu can live with the results. Althugh assertive behavir usually results in a psitive respnse, sme peple might react differently.
Hw t be effectively(有效地) assertive:
Use “I” statements. Keep the fcus n the prblem yu’re having. “I’d like t be able t tell my stries withut interruptin.” instead f “Yu’re always interrupting my stries!”
Use facts, nt pinins. “Did yu knw that shirt has a hle?” instead f “Yu’re nt ging ut lking like THAT, are yu?”
Express wnership f yur thughts, feelings and pinins. “I get angry when he breaks his prmises.” instead f “He makes me angry.”
Make clear and direct requirements. Dn’t invite the persn t say n. “Will yu please…?” instead f “Wuld yu mind..?” r “Why dn’t yu ”
Keep repeating yur pint. Use a lw level and pleasant vice. Dn’t try t explain yurself.
42.The writer prbably agrees that ________
A.yu shuld cnsider thers’ respnse befre yu act assertively
B.yu shuld be assertive if yu want t get gd marks
C.assertiveness is the ability t infringe thers’ rights
D.assertive behavir will bring yu bad feelings
43.The expressin “hld yur grund” prbably means “________”.
A.reach an agreementB.insist n yur pint
C.keep yur wrdD.keep n fighting
44.Which f the fllwing helps yu t be effectively assertive?
A.Explaining yurself in a sft and sweet vice.
B.Expressing wnership f thers’ thughts.
C.Making requirements directly and clearly.
D.Using yur pinins instead f facts.
45.The passage is mainly abut ________.
A.discussing the imprtance f assertiveness
B.explaining necessary aspects f assertiveness
C.expressing the ways f assertiveness
D.describing the definitin f assertiveness
四、用所給單詞的正確形式填空
46.The success f “Hi, mm” als shws the increasing ________ f family film prductin. (ppular)
47.China is a great cuntry with a lng histry. Archaelgy (考古學) have ________ a 3000-year-ld gld mask in Sichuan. (discver)
48.—D yu knw the tp ten sups arund the wrld?
—Nt much. But I’m sure that Lan Zhu Beef Ndle Sup is an art in ________ fr this traditinal sup. (it)
49.Yur attitude ________ the way t see things, s we’d better have a happy attitude. (decide)
50.Because f a further study, mre chances are ________ fr students t enrich their knwledge. (prvide)
51.If the weekend lasts ________, peple can spend mre time shpping and traveling.(lng)
52.Osmsis Jnes is a ________ teaching tl that shws children hw the human bdy wrks. (pwer)
53.A yung man was hungry fr success. Fr him, ________ is everything. (win)
54.Our trip went ________ t Hawaii, we had a prfessinal guide and the weather was great. (smth)
55.Please turn t page ________ and take a lk at the picture n it. (eighty)
五、單詞填空
Laura is nly ten years ld. She always des smething meaningful n h56. wn.
Laura 57. (參加) a winter camp at the age f eight. During her stay in the camp, she went t v58. sme kids in pr areas. She felt 59. that the kids there didn’t have new clthes t wear and tys t play with. After she returned hme, she kept 60. (思考) what t d t help thse kids.
61. mrning Laura saw sme elder kids selling lemn juice by the street. They wanted t raise 62. t help their friends. Then she 63. (想出) an idea. 64. (在……的幫助下) her mther, her first lemnade stand was 65. (建立). In week, it made $52. 66. it was nly a little mney, she helped 12 kids with it. She 67. ['h?pili] jumped int the air when she saw smile n their faces.
After that, her mther helped her start a prgram c68. Laura’s Lemnade fr Lve. Up till nw, she has already raised mre than $17,000. She always s69. the mney n clthes, tys and bks 70. the pr kids.
In sme sense, the inner satisfactin is frm giving nt receiving. Helping thers is as warm as sunshine.
六、書信作文
71. 假定你是李華,你的家鄉包頭在創建文明城市,請你給你的好友Alan寫一封電子郵件,介紹自己在創城活動中的日常行為和感受,并邀請他來包頭游玩。郵件內容包括:
參考詞匯:文明人 civilized persn
注意:
1.詞數90詞左右,開頭已經寫好,不計入總詞數;
2.可適當增加細節,以使行文連貫;
3.文中不得出現反應考生信息的真實人名、地名等內容。
Dear Alan,
Hw is it ging? My hmetwn Batu makes its effrt t be a civilized city. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I’m lking frward t yur reply.
Yurs,
Li Hua
Pints
Feelings
rubbish
streets
traffic rules
plite/friendly/hnest
...
greener and cleaner
cmfrtable

參考答案
1.B
【詳解】
句意:——你為什么參加慈善跑步?你一點也不擅長跑步?!@不是重點。我跑步是為了證明我可以幫助別人。
考查情景交際。That’s right那是對的;That’s nt the pint這不是重點;It’s nne f yur business不關你的事;It sunds like a pity這聽起來很可惜。根據“I run t shw that culd help thers.”說明,不是專門為了跑步,跑步不是重點,故選B。
2.D
【詳解】
句意:雖然生活不容易,他仍然不想做任何違背自己意愿的事,放棄自己的夢想。
考查介詞辨析。with帶有;withut沒有;thrugh通過;against違反。根據“he still desn’t want t d anything…his will”可知,是不想做違背意愿的事,故選D。
3.B
【詳解】
句意:我們應該珍惜生命。每個人都無權拿別人的生命冒險。
考查名詞辨析。need需要;right權利;duty責任;reasn原因。根據“Everybdy has n…t take risks with thers’ lives.”可知,每個人都沒有權利拿別人的生命冒險。故選B。
4.B
【詳解】
句意:為了從身心的壓力中解脫出來,我們每個人都需要深思熟慮和內心的寧靜。
考查非謂語動詞。免于,消除;此處表達的是為了……,表達目的要用不定式形式,作目的狀語,故選B。
5.A
【詳解】
句意:——她能去籃球比賽嗎?——我恐怕不能。她沒有空。她必須去看醫生。
考查形容詞辨析。available有空的;acceptable可接受的;relaxed放松的;wrried擔心的。根據“She must g t the dctr”可知,她必須要去看醫生,所以是沒空參加籃球比賽,故選A。
6.C
【詳解】
句意:——我上周在吉姆的聚會上沒看見你?!翘焱砩衔乙獜土暭磳⒌絹淼目荚?,所以我不能去了。
考查情態動詞。needn’t不需要;mustn’t表禁止;culdn’t不能;shuldn’t不應該。根據“g ver fr the cming exam”可知,“我”要復習準備考試,所以不能去。故選C。
7.D
【詳解】
句意:你能幫我把這些數字過目一下,看看有沒有明顯的錯誤嗎?
考查動詞短語辨析。lk ut注意;lk thrugh瀏覽;lk up查閱;lk ver檢查。根據“and see if there are any bvius mistakes”可知,需要對方幫忙檢查一下是否有錯誤,故選D。
8.A
【詳解】
句意:參加活動的志愿者大多是學生。他們幫了大忙。
考查副詞辨析。mstly主要地,多半地;prperly適當地;nearly幾乎;almst幾乎。根據“The vlunteers in the activity were ... students.”可推出志愿者以學生居多,強調數量上的多,用mstly符合語境。故選A。
9.A
【詳解】
句意:在你開始讀書之前,問問你自己為什么要讀這本書。多數人是因為兩個原因,娛樂和增長見識。A. why為什么;B. what什么;C. where哪兒;D. when什么時間。根據句意和下文可知,要明確讀書的原因,故選A。
10.D
【詳解】
句意:1958年,漢語語言學家周有光和他的團隊發明了拼音。
考查時態和語態。根據“In 1958”可知要用一般過去時,主語“pinyin”與動詞design之間是動賓關系,用被動語態。一般過去時的被動語態結構為was/were dne。故選D。
11.A
【詳解】
句意:并不是你面對了,任何事情都能改變。但是,如果你不肯面對,那什么也變不了。
考查代詞。nthing沒有事情;smething一些事情;anything任何事情;everything一切;根據“can be changed until it is faced.”可知,沒有什么事情能改變,直到你面對它,應用nthing表示,故選A。
12.B
【詳解】
句意:閱讀是非常重要的,你可以通過各種各樣的閱讀材料獲得很多知識來迎接生活中的一些挑戰。
考查動詞辨析。imagine想象;meet遇見;affrd支付得起;survey調查;根據“sme challenges in life”可知,是閱讀中得到的知識能夠迎接生活中的挑戰,meet challenges“迎接挑戰”,故選B。
13.B
【詳解】
句意:小男孩在擁擠的公交車上將座位讓給一個老奶奶。
考查動詞詞義辨析。lent借出;ffered主動提供;tk拿走;brught帶來。根據“an ld lady n the crwded bus”可知,此處指的是給老奶奶讓座,ffer sth. t sb.意為“把某物提供給某人”符合句意,故選B。
14.C
【詳解】
句意:看! 有人打掃了沙發。嗯,不是我,我沒有打掃。
考查現在完成時。根據句意,表示已經打掃了,即過去發生的動作對現在造成的影響,所以應用現在完成時,其結構為have/has+動詞過去分詞,主語為不定代詞smebdy,助動詞用has,故選C。
15.D
【詳解】
句意:——湯姆,這項工作能在本周末完成嗎?——我向你保證,兩天之內完成。
考查情景交際。It all depends看情況而定;Sure. I culdn’t agree mre當然,我完全同意;That’s nt the case事實并非如此;Yu have my wrd我向你保證。根據“in tw days”可知,湯姆向對方保證在兩天之內完成工作。故選D。
16.C
17.A
18.B
19.A
20.D
21.C
22.A
23.D
24.D
25.B
26.B
27.D
28.C
29.B
30.A
【分析】
試題分析:短文主要講述了一對親密的兄弟,他們都看到了對方的困難,想法來幫助對方。正是這種無私的兄弟之情讓這對兄弟生活得很幸福。
16.句意:他們彼此非常相愛,總是互相照顧??疾閯釉~辨析題。disliked不喜歡,討厭;hated憎恨;lved愛;enjyed喜歡,享受。聯系后半句描述and always tk care f ne anther.,可知他們互相愛護。故選C。
17.句意:他們每天從早到晚地工作,從田地里得到盡可能多的糧食??疾榻樵~辨析題。until直到;at在時間空間的一點;thrugh通過;with 帶有,表伴隨。frm mrning從早晨開始;night晚上;根據語境可知本句指的是,每天他們從早晨工作直到晚上。故選A。
18.句意:他們在田里干活之后??疾槊~辨析題。shps商店;fields田地;hspitals醫院;factries工廠。in the fields在田地里;根據上文Every day they wrked frm mrning until night, getting as much grain as pssible frm their fields.,可知此處指的是田里面的活忙完以后,故選B。
19.句意:如果他知道是我把稻米放在那里,他就不會拿走了??疾楦痹~辨析題。A. never從來不/永遠不,表否定;B. smetimes有時;C. usually通常;D. ever曾經/永遠。BC選項用于一般現在時,D項多用于現在完成時,而本句will是將來時態,都可排除;根據句意語境,可知選A。
20.句意:第二天,他看著自己的谷倉,發現了一些奇怪的東西??疾椴欢ù~辨析題。everything每件東西,強調個體;anything任何東西,一般用于否定及疑問句中;nthing沒有東西,用于肯定句表示否定含義;smething一些東西,一般用于肯定句及表示請求、建議等含義的疑問句中。不定代詞有形容詞修飾時,需后置形容詞。smething strange一些奇怪的東西;本句是肯定句,根據句意結構和上下文意思,可知ABC三項意思都與句意不合,故選D。
21.句意:昨晚我帶了一袋大米到維克托家,但是我的谷倉里還有同樣數量的袋子??疾檫B詞辨析題。s因此,表結果;and和/并且,表并列;but但是,表轉折;r或者,表選擇。聯系上下文,可知前后是轉折關系,故選C。
22.句意:這是怎么發生的呢?考查特殊疑問詞辨析題。Hw如何,怎樣,問方式或狀態;What什么,問事物;Why為什么,問原因;Where在哪兒,問地點。本句缺方式狀語,根據句意語境,可知選A。
23.句意:但是第二天早上,在他的牲口棚里他又發現了同樣數量的袋子!考查形容詞辨析題。small小的;different不同的;huge巨大的;same 相同的。根據上文but I still have the same number f bags in my barn.,結合句意語境,可知選D。
24.句意:那天晚上他又試了一次??疾閯釉~辨析題。A. planned計劃;B. failed失敗,不及格;C. hped希望;D. tried盡力,嘗試。根據下文He carried a large bag f rice n his shulder, and walked dwn the rad t his yunger brther’s huse.,可知西蒙又做了一次,故選D。
25.句意:在明亮的月光下,他能夠看到另一個人走在路上??疾槊~辨析題。brther兄弟;persn人;sister姐妹;wife妻子。anther另一的;根據句意語境,月光下不會看清是誰,可知ACD三個選項意思都與語境不符,故選B。
26.句意:他也在肩膀上扛著一些東西??疾槊~辨析題。back背部;shulder肩膀;head頭;hand 手。t也,表示一樣;根據上文He carried a large bag f rice n his shulder,,結合句意語境,可知選B。
27.句意:我很擔心你,哥哥??疾樾稳菰~短語辨析題。prud f為……感到驕傲;strict with對……嚴厲;angry with對……感到生氣;wrried abut 為……擔心。根據維克多下文的話Yur family is larger than mine. I thught yu needed mre rice.,可知他在擔心哥哥家的米不夠吃,故選D。
28.句意:你的家庭比我的大。我還以為你需要更多的米呢??疾樾稳菰~比較級辨析題。smaller更小的;richer 更富有的;larger更大的;happier更高興的。根據下文I thught yu needed mre rice. 需要更多的米,可知家庭人口多,故選C。
29.句意:兄弟倆很快意識到他們一直在給彼此送米??疾閯釉~辨析題。A. remembered記得;B. realized意識到;C. imagined想象;D. explained解釋,說明。聯系上文哥倆分別偷偷給對方送米的事,可知他們意識到了各自在做同樣的事。根據They laughed abut what had happened.,可知他們倆只是會心一笑,沒有解釋,故選B。
30.句意:他們對所發生的事大笑??疾閯釉~短語辨析題。laughed abut大笑,笑對;dreamed abut夢到;shuted at對……大喊;cmplained abut抱怨。結合語境可知此處指的是,這對兄弟因為彼此做著同樣的事情而笑了。故選A。
31.A
32.C
33.D
【分析】
本文主要介紹了意大利的四個著名城市的情況。
31.
細節理解題。根據“Pisa is als knwn fr its universities because the city is hme f sme f the mst imprtant universities in Eurpe.”可知,比薩的大學也很有名,故選A。
32.
推理判斷題。根據“Venice is a city ver a hundred islands. Yu can visit mst interesting places f the city by walks r by the famus gndlas(威尼斯小劃船).”可知,可以步行或者乘坐威尼斯小劃船游覽這個城市,而不是乘坐公共汽車,故選C。
33.
最佳標題題。根據“Here are fur famus cities f Italy.”以及整個文章的理解可知,主要是介紹意大利的四個著名城市的情況,故選D。
34.A
35.D
36.C
37.C
【分析】
這篇短文講述的是作者因為小時候的一次意外使自己的眼睛受到了傷害,而且外貌變得丑陋。作者一度心情非常低落,對自己的生活失去了信心。但是在媽媽的鼓勵下,作者開始變得自信起來,也知道了如何去同情他人。
34.
推理判斷題。根據“Frm then n, s my injured sightless, cludy gray eye lived n with me. ... When kids played games, I was always the ‘mnster’. I grew up imagining that everyne lked dwn n me.”可知,作者因為受傷,眼睛變成灰色的,當孩子們玩游戲的時候,作者總是扮演“怪物”,作者想象長大后,每個人都看不起自己。由此可推出作者覺的她的外表很糟糕。故選A。
35.
推理判斷題。根據“My mm’s lve was the spark that gave me cnfidence. I had faced hardships, and learned nt nly t appreciate myself but t have deep cmpassin fr thers.”可知,作者媽媽的愛是給她信心的火花,作者面對困難,不僅學會了欣賞自己,還學會了對他人的深切同情。由此可推出媽媽讓她抬起頭,是為了讓她更加自信。故選D。
36.
推理判斷題。根據“My mm’s lve was the spark that gave me cnfidence. I had faced hardships, and learned nt nly t appreciate myself but t have deep cmpassin fr thers.”可知,作者媽媽的愛是給她信心的火花,作者面對困難,不僅學會了欣賞自己,還學會了對他人的深切同情。由此推斷作者現在帶著一顆溫暖而勇敢的心活著。故選C。
37.
主旨大意題。通讀全文可知,文章主要講述媽媽對作者的愛,給了她自信。故選C。
38.A
39.D
40.A
41.B
【分析】
本文介紹了一種讓人做數學題時壓力減少的方法。身體坐直了,可以更好地做數學。好的姿勢不僅對數學考試有幫助,運動員、音樂家和公眾演說家都能從更好的姿勢中受益。
38.
細節理解題。根據“That’s right-sitting up straight can help yu d better n math exams.”可知,身體坐直可以讓人們在數學考試時不那么緊張,故選A。
39.
細節理解題。根據“Scientists tested 125 cllege students. They asked them t d a simple math exam while sitting in a slumped-ver(趴到的) psture, r sitting up straight.”可知,科學家要求學生在數學考試中有不同的坐姿,故選D。
40.
主旨大意題。根據“Slumping ver is a defensive(戒備的) psture. It can bring abut bad memries in the bdy and brain. This can stp yu frm thinking clearly, Peter said.”可知,趴倒會給身體和大腦帶來不好的記憶,這種情況會妨礙你清晰地思考。因此主要解釋趴倒為什么讓考試更難,故選A。
41.
最佳標題題。根據“That’s right-sitting up straight can help yu d better n math exams”和“After the test, 56 percent f students said the exam was easier t d if they were sitting up straight.”以及整個文章的理解可知,文章主要介紹了考試期間通過好的姿勢來讓壓力小一些,以便于更好地考試,故選B。
42.A
43.B
44.C
45.A
【分析】
短文給我們講述的是什么是自信、自信為什么是重要的、怎樣才能有自信。
42.
細節理解題。根據“Many f us are taught that it is nt nice t cnsider ur wn needs abve thse f thers.”可知,我們很多人都被教導說,把自己的需求凌駕于他人的需求之上是不好的,故選A。
43.
詞義猜測題。根據“Mst peple find it easier t be assertive in sme situatins than in thers. This makes perfect sense. It’s a lt easier t hld yur grund with a stranger than with smene yu lve.”可知,在陌生人面前比在你愛的人面前更能做到“自信”,也就是更能堅持自己的觀點,故選B。
44.
細節理解題。根據“Make clear and direct requirements.”可知,要清楚、直接地提出要求,故選C。
45.
主旨大意題。根據“Why is assertiveness imprtant?”以及整個文章的理解可知,文章主要是介紹自信為什么是重要的、怎樣才能有自信,故選A。
46.ppularity
【詳解】
句意:《你好,李煥英》的成功也顯示出家庭電影制作的日益普及。根據“ f family film prductin”可知,此處需要名詞,構成f所有格結構,ppular是形容詞,其名詞是ppularity“普及,流行”,故填ppularity。
47.discvered
【詳解】
句意:中國是一個有著悠久歷史的偉大國家??脊艑W家在四川發現了一個有3000年歷史的黃金面具。根據“have”及語境可知此處用have dne結構構成現在完成時,discver的過去分詞形式為discvered。故填discvered。
48.itself
【詳解】
句意:——你知道世界上最受歡迎的十種湯嗎?——不太了解。但我相信蘭州牛肉面湯本身就是一種藝術。分析“But I’m sure that Lan Zhu Beef Ndle Sup is an art in…”可知,此處表示“蘭州牛肉面湯本身”,湯不可數,可以反身代詞itself代替,故填itself。
49.decides
【詳解】
句意:你的態度決定了你看待事物的方式。所以我們最好有一個愉快的態度。decide“決定”,動詞;本句陳述客觀真理,故為一般現在時;主語是不可數名詞,故謂語動詞用其三單形式。故填decides。
50.prvided
【詳解】
句意:由于深造,更多的機會提供給學生們來豐富他們的知識。句子主語chances與動詞prvide之間是被動關系,且空格前有are,此處動詞應用過去分詞,故填prvided。
51.lnger
【詳解】
句意:如果周末持續更長時間,人們可以花更多的時間購物和旅游。根據后半句“spend mre time shpping and traveling”可知,這里指持續更長時間,所以應用lng的比較級lnger,故填lnger。
52.pwerful
【詳解】
句意:Jnes滲透是一個強大的教學工具,向孩子們展示人體是如何工作的??仗幮揎椀氖瞧浜蟮拿~tl,應用形容詞作定語,故填pwerful。
53.winning
【詳解】
句意:一個年輕人渴望成功。對他來說,勝利就是一切??崭裉幵诰渲凶髦髡Z,應用動名詞作主語,故填winning。
54.smthly
【詳解】
句意:我們的夏威夷之行很順利,我們有專業的導游,天氣也很好。smth“順利的”,形容詞;此處用其副詞形式smthly“順利地”,修飾動詞went。故填smthly。
55.eighty
【詳解】
句意:請翻到第八十頁,看看上面的圖片。表達“第……頁”結構是“the+序數詞+名詞=名詞+基數詞”,句中是“名詞+基數詞”的結構,故填eighty。
56.(h)er
57.tk part in/attended/jined in
58.(v)isit
59.sad/upset/srry
60.thinking abut
61.One
62.mney
63.came up with/thught up/thught f
64.With the help f
65.set up/built
66.Althugh/Thugh
67.happily
68.(c)alled
69.(s)pends
70.fr
【分析】
本文是一篇記敘文,講述了勞拉在母親的幫助下,創辦了“勞拉的愛的檸檬水”項目,用籌集的資金幫助貧困的孩子。
56.
句意:她總是自己做一些有意義的事情。根據首字母h及“n…wn”可知,此處是n ne’s wn“獨自地”;主語she是第三人稱單數,女性,故用her。故填(h)er。
57.
句意:勞拉八歲時參加了冬令營?!皡⒓佣顮I”可用take part in/attend/jin in表示;根據“at the age f eight”可知,本句是一般過去時,故用其過去式。故填tk part in/attended/jined in。
58.
句意:在冬令營期間,她去看望了一些貧困地區的孩子。根據首字母v及“she went t…sme kids in pr areas”可知,勞拉去看望孩子;visit“看望”,動詞,用其原形。故填(v)isit。
59.
句意:她為那里的孩子沒有新衣服穿和玩具玩感到難過。根據“the kids there didn’t have new clthes t wear and tys t play with”可知,貧困地區的孩子沒有新衣服穿、沒有玩具玩,所以勞拉感到難過;sad/upset/srry“難過的”,形容詞,作表語。故填sad/upset/srry。
60.
句意:回到家后,她一直在想要做些什么來幫助那些孩子。think abut“思考”,動詞;keep ding sth.“一直做某事”,故think用其動名詞形式。故填thinking abut。
61.
句意:一天早上,勞拉看見一些年紀較大的孩子在街上賣檸檬汁。此處指過去某一天的早上,應為ne mrning,句首首字母大寫。故填One。
62.
句意:他們想籌集資金來幫助他們的朋友。根據“sme elder kids selling lemn juice”可知,孩子們賣檸檬水來籌錢;mney“錢”,不可數名詞,作raise的賓語。故填mney。
63.
句意:然后她想出了一個主意。cme up with/think up/think f“想出”;本句陳述過去的事情,故為一般過去時,用其過去式。故填came up with/thught up/thught f。
64.
句意:在她母親的幫助下,她的第一個檸檬水攤位建立了。with the help f sb.“在某人的幫助下”;句首首字母大寫。故填With the help f。
65.
句意:在她母親的幫助下,她的第一個檸檬水攤位建立了。set up/build“建立”;攤位被建立,本句是被動語態,故用其過去分詞形式。故填set up/built。
66.
句意:雖然只是一點錢,她卻用它幫助了12個孩子。根據“it was nly a little mney, she helped 12 kids with it.”可知,雖然錢很少,但是勞拉用它幫助了12個孩子;故用althugh/thugh“盡管”置于句首,引導讓步狀語從句;句首首字母大寫。故填Althugh/Thugh。
67.
句意:當她看到他們臉上的笑容時,她高興地跳了起來。根據音標提示可知,此處是副詞happily“高興地”,修飾動詞jumped。故填happily。
68.
句意:在那之后,她的母親幫助她啟動了一個叫做“勞拉的愛的檸檬水”的項目。根據首字母c及“Laura’s Lemnade fr Lve”可知,“勞拉的愛的檸檬水”是該項目的名稱;call“稱呼”,此處用其過去分詞形式作后置定語。故填(c)alled。
69.
句意:她總是把錢花在給窮孩子買衣服、玩具和書上。根據首字母s及“the mney n clthes, tys and bks”可知,此處是spend…n…“在……上花費……”;根據“always”可知,本句是一般現在時,主語是she第三人稱單數,故用其三單形式。故填(s)pends。
70.
句意:她總是把錢花在給窮孩子買衣服、玩具和書上。根據“She always spends the mney n clthes, tys and bks…the pr kids.”可知,勞拉給孩子們花錢,故用介詞fr。故填fr。
71.例文:
Dear Alan,
Hw is it ging? My hmetwn Batu makes its effrt t be a civilized city. T make Batu a better place, we have kinds f activities. We pick up the rubbish n matter where we are. The schls als help clean the streets, therefre the streets becme tidier and cleaner. Fllwing the traffic rules is ur duty. Hnestly speaking, mst peple nt nly can talk with thers friendly, but als can behave plitely in public.
Batu is different frm it used t be. It’s greener and cleaner. Besides, the living envirnment is imprved cmfrtably. As a civilized persn, I am suppsed t care fr my hmetwn. I d believe that ur city will becme better and better. Meanwhile, yu are expected t have a trip here.
I’m lking frward t yur reply.
Yurs,
Li Hua
【詳解】
1.題干解讀:題目要求根據內容提示寫郵件想Alan介紹自己在創城活動中的日常行為和感受,并邀請他到包頭玩。信件開頭和結尾已給出。
2.寫作指導:寫作時要以第一人稱和第三人稱為主,時態以一般現在時為主,提示中要點要全部包含,可適當發揮。要做到無單詞拼寫和語法錯誤。
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