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外研版 (2019)選擇性必修 第二冊Unit 1 Growing up教案配套課件ppt展開
(時間: 120分鐘 滿分: 150分)
第一部分 聽力 (共兩節,滿分30分)
第一節(共5小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分7. 5分)
M: ①Excuse me, Jane. May I have my dictionary back?
W: Sorry, Jack. Mary is using it now.
1. Whom does the dictionary belong to?
A. Mary. B. Jack. C. Jane.
W: Thanks for all you’ve done for me. Hey, listen, ②would you like to go to see a film sometime?
M: Yeah, that’d be great. I’d love to.
2. What does the woman want to do?
A. See a film with the man.
B. Offer the man some help.
C. Listen to some rock music.
M: ③Have you heard that Nick Hornby’s going to be at the City Bookstore?
W: Nick Hornby? I love his books. What’s he doing there?
M: Giving a talk about his new novel How to Be Good.
3. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A book. B. A bookstore. C. A writer.
M: Jenny, how did you get the job?
W: Last summer I took a tour of Sydney. ④I went to lunch at the Palace Hotel and thought, “I’d really like to work here. ” So I wrote to see if they had any positions, and I was lucky they did.
4. Where does the woman work now?
A. At a travel agency.
B. At a post office.
C. In a hotel.
W: ⑤Is the book in this bag for Mum? I didn’t think she was interested in flowers.
M: I thought she’d like it — to give her some good ideas for the garden.
W: I thought you were going to get those gloves I showed you in that shop last Saturday.
5. What present has the man bought?
A. A book. B. Some flowers.
C. A pair of gloves.
第二節(共15小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分22. 5分)
M: So, how long have you been in the Peace Corp?
W: For about a year now.
M: Do you enjoy it?
W: ⑥Most of the time I enjoy it very much, but the work can be very difficult sometimes.
M: What do you think is the most difficult thing?
W: For me, it’s finding a way to fit into a community that’s very different from my own.
M: And what’s the most exciting thing?
W: ⑦Well, I think the most exciting thing is learning about another culture.
6. What does the woman think of her job in the Peace Corp?
A. Boring. B. Enjoyable.
C. A waste of time.
7. What does the woman think is the most exciting thing in the Peace Corp?
A. Learning about another culture.
B. Fitting into a different community.
C. Meeting new friends in a new culture.
M: So, when do you usually do housework, shopping and something like that?
W: Hmm, on Mondays I usually clean the house in the morning.
M: ⑧How about the shopping?
W: ⑧I usually do that on Saturdays.
M: You seem pretty busy with school, work and housework! Do you have time for anything else?
W: Yeah. Sure. I swim and play basketball in the morning on Tuesdays and Thursdays, ⑨ and I usually go out to see a movie with friends on Friday nights.
M: And how about Sundays?
W: I sleep all day.
8. What does the woman usually do on Saturdays?
A. She goes swimming.
B. She plays basketball.
C. She goes shopping.
9. When does the woman usually go to the cinema with friends?
A. On Friday nights. B. On Saturday nights.
C. On Sunday nights.
M: Are you ready for the trip to the Big Apple? I can hardly wait.
W: The Big Apple? We’re not heading to the Big Apple.
M: The Big Apple is another name for New York City. You are going to New York with us, aren’t you?
W: Yes, that’s true. ⑩I’m especially looking forward to seeing the Museum of Modern Art. There’s a special show of 20th century American paintings there. But tell me, where does the name the Big Apple come from?
M:?The jazz musicians of the 1920s are responsible for the name. They gave a lot of concerts in those days. Every time they gave a concert in a city, they called that city an apple. Of course, New York was the biggest city in our country, and the best place for a jazz concert. So the musicians called it the Big Apple.
W: Amazing! ?New York is such a fascinating place.
10. What can we learn about the woman?
A. She is a music fan.
B. She is interested in modern art.
C. She knows a lot about jazz musicians.
11. Who might be responsible for the nickname of New York City?
A. American painters. B. New York farmers.
C. Jazz musicians.
12. How does the woman describe New York?
A. Attractive. B. Crowded. C. Modern.
M: Hi, Paula, what a coincidence to meet you here!
W: Hi, Jeff. I’m just going to the newly opened supermarket.
M: ?You mean the one three blocks away from your house? It’s a long way. Why don’t you choose the one near your house?
W: ?One of my friends told me by phone that goods in that supermarket are much cheaper.
M: I think it’s just a form of promotion. All the supermarkets are the same: some goods are cheaper, but some are expensive.
W: Sounds true. I’ll try checking the prices. And, Jeff, ?I heard yesterday you went to visit a racing club.
M: Yes. I went with one of my good friends who are racing fans.
W: Oh, great! You know my boyfriend is also a racing fan and likes to drive at high speed. So tell me something about it!
M: Er. . .?the specially-made turns are a good challenge for drivers. During my stay there yesterday, I saw two accidents around those turns.
W: Oh, the drivers can’t be too careful there!
M: Of course.
13. What is the distance between the woman’s house and the new supermarket?
A. One block away. B. Two blocks away.
C. Three blocks away.
14. Why does the woman want to go to the new supermarket?
A. Its environment is nicer.
B. Its goods are cheaper.
C. Its workers are friendlier.
15. Where did the man go yesterday?
A. A racing club. B. A car exhibition.
C. A driving school.
16. How does the man find these specially-made turns for drivers?
A. Challenging. B. Common. C. Strange.
M: Do you need English at work? ?Business English one-to-one is particularly created for people in the business world. This is a great course for making rapid progress in a limited period. ?You can choose to study 5, 10, 20, or 30 lessons per week.
So what will you do on the first day?At 8: 30 am, you will check in. At 9: 00 am, you will take a test and receive an interview. ?You will have a welcome lunch at 11: 00 am. At 12: 00, you will take a welcome tour of the school.
If you take courses with fewer than 30 lessons per week, you will not have any classes on the first day. If you take courses with 30 lessons per week, you will have two classes in the afternoon on the first day.
Course topics include listening, speaking, pronunciation, reading, writing, vocabulary and grammar. Each lesson lasts 45 minutes, ?and class days are from Monday to Friday.
17. Whom are the courses created for?
A. All English beginners.
B. People in the business world.
C. People who want to teach English.
18. How many classes can one attend per week at most?
A. 10. B. 20. C. 30.
19. What will the students do at 11: 00 am on the first day?
A. Have lunch. B. Receive an interview.
C. Travel around the school.
20. When do the students attend classes?
A. From Monday to Friday.
B. From Monday to Saturday.
C. From Monday to Sunday.
第二部分 閱讀 (共兩節,滿分50分)
第一節(共15小題;每小題2. 5分,滿分37. 5分)
New York Film Academy (NYFA) Summer Camps for Teens
The New York Film Academy offers various summer camps for teens and camps during the school year designed for high school students who are interested in the performing arts.
Offered at LA school, the Four-week Documentary Camp is designed to provide high school students with a hands-on introduction to documentary filmmaking. Students are involved in the creative and technical demands of making a documentary while gaining experience working with industry-standard equipment on original projects that apply what students learn in the camp to original video content.
Designed for those creative individuals who prefer to create exciting and new stories through their words, NYFA’s Three-week Screenwriting Camp absorbs future screenwriters in scriptwriting, with no previous experience needed. If you’ve ever wanted to see whether you could write your own movie, then this is the camp for you.
GAME DESIGN CAMP
From popular console games (主機游戲) to the ever-growing mobile game market, video games are everywhere you look. At NYFA’s One-week and Four-week Game Design Camps, students work with our staff of professional game designers to learn the base of game design and obtain the skills they require to create their own games.
3D ANIMATION CAMP
Whether you’re interested in learning how to create an original 3D animated short film or simulate (模仿) realistic visual effects, NYFA’s Three-week and Four-week 3D Animation Camps, offered at Harvard University and our NYC and LA school, provide students with professional instructions to give them a strong footing in the field.
Students can choose 3D Animation Summer Camps and spend their summer bringing their imagination to life.
Interested in learning more about NYFA’s unique Photography Summer Camps?
Click here for additional information about the application process.
21. To create stories for films, you can choose _______.
A. Documentary Camp
B. Screenwriting Camp
C. Game Design Camp
D. 3D Animation Camp
22. It can be learned from the passage that _______.
A. Screenwriting Camp requires experienced students
B. Documentary Camp provides a three-week program
C. students in Game Design Camp learn to play video games
D. students in 3D Animation Camp receive professional instructions
23. The passage is written to _______.
A. provide information
B. make comparisons
C. give some advice
D. express opinions
Career success could be predicted as early as kindergarten, according to a 20-year study recently published in the American journal Public Health.
Researchers from Pennsylvania State University and Duke University tracked more than 700 children from across the US between kindergarten and aged 25 and found a significant connection between their social skills as kindergarteners and their success as adults two decades later.
In the research, teachers assessed how the kindergarteners interacted with each other socially using a range of criteria like whether they cooperate with their peers without being encouraged, whether they’re helpful to others, whether they’re good at understanding feelings, and whether they can solve problems on their own.
Researchers then kept track of whether the students go on to graduate from high school on time, get a college degree, and find and keep a full-time job by 25. They also monitored the participants’ involvement with crime, drug abuse, public assistance, and mental health issues.
The results showed that socially capable children are far more likely to earn a college degree and have a full-time job by 25 than those with limited social skills. Those with limited social skills also have a higher chance of getting arrested, binge drinking, and applying for public housing.
“This study shows that helping children develop social and emotional skills is one of the most important things we can do to prepare them for a healthy future,” said Kristin Schubert, program director at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the research, in a release. “From an early age, these skills can determine whether a child goes to college or prison, and whether they end up employed or addicted. ”
The good news, according to Damon Jones, lead author of the study, is that intervention (干預) at a young age can help improve social and emotional skills.
“This research by itself doesn’t prove that higher social ability can lead to better outcomes later on, ” he said. “But when combined with other research, it is clear that helping children develop these skills increases their chances of success in school, work, and life. ”
24. What did the 20-year study find?
A. Social skills play a key role in children’s development.
B. Helpful children understand others’ feelings better.
C. Most kindergarteners can solve problems alone.
D. Outgoing children cooperate with their peers easily.
25. What are Paragraph 3 and Paragraph 4 mainly about?
A. When the researchers began their study.
B. How the researchers conducted the study.
C. How long it took to complete the study.
D. What factors were studied by the researchers.
26. What should parents do to help their children to succeed according to Kristin Schubert?
A. Teach them some basic living skills.
B. Tell them to keep off alcohol.
C. Coach them in their lessons.
D. Teach them how to cooperate with others.
27. According to the passage, it is probably intended for _______.
A. teenagers B. doctors
C. educators D. general readers
Children are starting on digital devices at ever younger ages, and opinions on the effects of children’s digital-media habits are deeply polarized (兩極分化的).
Jean Twenge, a psychology professor, thinks excessive use of the Internet and social media makes children lonely and depressed and poses serious risks to their physical and particularly their mental health, sometimes to the point of driving them to suicide.
However, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther of the Innocenti research office of Unicef examined various evidence and found less cause for alarm than is often suggested. Most of the studies be examined seem to show that the technology helps children stay in touch with their friends and make new ones.
The relationship between the use of digital technology and children’s mental health, broadly speaking, appears to be u-shaped. Researchers have found that moderate use is beneficial, whereas either no use at all or extreme use could be harmful.
What worries some experts more is that screens are becoming part of the middle-class armoury (武器庫) for perpetuating (鞏固) social advantage. Children from well-off homes are enrolled in private classes to learn skills like “How to be a YouTuber”, which poorer parents cannot afford.
28. What is the second paragraph mainly about?
A. The disadvantages of overusing digital media.
B. The bad effects of using digital media.
C. Several bad impacts of using digital media.
D. The advantages of overusing digital media.
29. What is Daniel Kardefelt-Winther’s attitude to the use of digital media?
A. Objective. B. Favorable.
C. Indifferent. D. Uncertain.
30. What can you infer from the last paragraph?
A. Not all children from rich homes can attend private classes.
B. Not all children from poor homes can learn skills like“How to be a YouTuber”.
C. Digital media is the only way of strengthening the middle-class.
D. Digital media can widen class gap.
31. What is the best title for the text?
A. Should children interact with digital media?
B. Should parents allow their children interact with digital media?
C. What children do to interact with digital devices.
D. How children interact with digital devices.
We talk continuously about how to make children more “resilient (有韌性的)”, but whatever we’re doing, it’s not working. Rates of anxiety disorders and depression are rising rapidly among teenagers. What are we doing wrong?
Nassim Taleb invented the word “antifragile” and used it to describe a small but very important class of systems that gain from shocks, challenges, and disorder. The immune (免疫的) system is one of them: it requires exposure to certain kinds of bacteria and potential allergens (過敏原) in childhood in order to develop to its full ability.
Children’s social and emotional abilities are as antifragile as their immune systems. If we overprotect kids and keep them “safe” from unpleasant social situations and negative emotions, we deprive (剝奪) them of the challenges and opportunities for skill-building they need to grow strong. Such children are likely to suffer more when exposed later to other unpleasant but ordinary life events, such as teasing and social rejection.
It’s not the kids’ fault. In the UK, as in the US, parents became much more fearful in the 1980s and 1990s as cable TV and later the Internet exposed everyone, more and more, to those rare occurrences of crimes and accidents that now occur less and less. Outdoor play and independent mobility went down; screen time and adult-monitored activities went up.
Yet free play in which kids work out their own rules of engagement, take small risks, and learn to master small dangers turns out to be vital for the development of adult social and even physical competence. Depriving them of free play prevents their social-emotional growth. Norwegian play researchers Ellen Sandseter warned, “We may observe an increased anxiety or mental disorders in society if children are forbidden from participating in age adequate risky play. ”
They wrote those words in 2011. Over the following few years, their prediction came true. Kids born after 1994 are suffering from much higher rates of anxiety disorders and depression than did the previous generation.
What can we do to change these trends? We can’t guarantee that giving primary school children more independence today will bring down the rate of teenage suicide tomorrow. The links between childhood overprotection and teenage mental illness are suggestive but not clear-cut. Yet there are good reasons to suspect that by depriving our naturally antifragile kids of the wide range of experience they need to become strong, we are systematically preventing their growth. We should let go—and let them grow.
32. Why does the author mention the immune system in Paragraph 2?
A. To stress its importance.
B. To analyze the cause of anxiety.
C. To question the latest discovery.
D. To help understand a new word.
33. Parents overprotect children because _______.
A. they are concerned about their children’s safety
B. they want to keep children from being teased
C. parent-monitored activities are a must
D. children are not independent enough
34. According to the author, free play can _______.
A. promote children’s resilience
B. strengthen children’s friendship
C. reduce children’s risky behavior
D. develop children’s leadership skills
35. Which of the following does the author probably agree with?
A. Stop trying to perfect your child.
B. It takes great courage to raise children.
C. Prepare the child for the road, not the road for the child.
D. The more exposed the children are to the risks, the more resilient they would become.
第二節(共5小題;每小題2. 5分,滿分12. 5分)
When writing the story of your life, don’t let someone else hold the pen. 36 Here are some ideas for writing a life story:
Live happily in your own way. You are not in this world to live up to the expectations of others, nor should you feel that others are here to live up to yours. What success means to each of us is totally different. Success to others may mean being a good parent. Success is only about spending your life happily in your own way.
37 There are thousands of possible paths up the mountain of life, so it really doesn’t matter which path you start off on. The only mistake is by wasting time running around at the base of the mountain, telling everyone that your life path is wrong.
Embrace (樂意采納) new ideas, lessons, and challenges. Sometimes growing up means growing apart from old habits, relationships, and situations, and finding something new that truly moves you. 38 You should look very clearly into the unknown and enjoy it. Because when you come in contact with things that you don’t know, that’s when you’re learning, growing, and truly living.
Live honorably through kindness. If you live honorably, no matter how old you get, you’ll never lose your beauty. 39
Spend quality time with people you love. 40 People don’t live forever. Appreciate what you have, who loves you and who cares for you. You’ll never know how much they mean until the day when they are no longer beside you. Someday you will either regret not doing so, or you will say, “I’m glad I did. ”
A. Lost time is never found again.
B. Appreciate the little things in life that mean a lot.
C. Change your path when you must, but keep moving forward.
D. There is nothing more wonderful than seeing life as an adventure.
E. For others, it may mean to simply be happy or it can be all of the above.
F. And remember, there is no better thing than reaching out and holding the hand of someone in need.
G. Make wise choices every day because the way you live each day is a sentence in the story of your life.
第三部分 語言運用 (共兩節,滿分30分)
Last week I went shopping in the supermarket. I got to the front of the 41 and put my groceries through the checkout. I was about to pay, when I 42 that I didn’t have my bankcard with me. I 43 . Then I remembered I left it at home when I 44 something online. All I had was $30 in notes and some coins in my wallet. I was short 45 at least $25, and I needed to buy most of the items.
I started to 46 to the checkout lady. “I’m sorry. I stop the queue. Can I put these things back, and then think I’ll 47 these. Oh, no, need that. ”
An Irish lady was 48 behind me, next in the queue. “Excuse me, Dear,” she said. “Oh, I’m so sorry,” I replied, “I’m 49 you up. ” “Of course not. I know 50 you feel. This happens to all of us at some point. Now please use my 51 to pay the bill and you can be on your way. ”
I was astonished by her kindness, 52 even. No matter how I insisted otherwise, she was 53 to help me. Afterwards I asked for her telephone number to 54 and pay her back. “No,” she said, “rather pay it forward. You may do a good deed for the next person in need. ”
By helping others, can we start chain 55 of positive feeling and charity that can benefit our whole society?
41. A. table B. supermarket
C. queue D. shelf
42. A. realized B. knew
C. recognized D. observed
43. A. hesitated B. paused
C. panicked D. struggled
44. A. explored B. purchased
C. advocated D. delivered
45. A. by B. under
C. on D. with
46. A. cry B. apologise
C. complain D. explain
47. A. borrow B. drop
C. follow D. take
48. A. standing B. supporting
C. blaming D. shouting
49. A. turning B. putting
C. joining D. holding
50. A. what B. how
C. why D. when
51. A. card B. fame
C. income D. identity
52. A. abnormal B. anxious
C. embarrassed D. desperate
53. A. convinced B. determined
C. excited D. reluctant
54. A. fit in B. get through
C. look up D. get in touch
55. A. reaction B. sympathy
C. satisfaction D. relationship
Have you ever wondered 56. _______ children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of steam? Researchers have discovered that children have the levels of recovery of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children’s muscles recover from “high-intensity exercise” a lot 57. _______ (quick) than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared their fitness to 58. _______ of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel suggested they 59. _______ (find) the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were therefore less tired during the high-intensity physical activities. The children also recovered very quickly—even faster than the well-trained adult endurance athletes.
The researchers hope that 60. _______ (they) findings will help scientists have a better 61. _______ (understand) of how the human body changes with age. It could lead to advances in the fight 62. _______ diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was 63. _______ (particular) important as more children were becoming less active. He warned: “With the diseases related to physical inactivity
64. _______ (rise), know the changes with growth that might contribute to the risk of disease. ” 65. _______ is helpful for children to maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they remain healthy as adults.
第四部分 寫作 (共兩節,滿分40分)
假設你是李華,你的英國好友 Henry 最近來信詢問你的暑假安排。請你根據以下要點用英語回一封信,說明你的計劃,并闡述理由。
2. 詞數 80個左右;
參考詞匯: 社會活動 social activities
Disappointed and upset, Tom found his money box empty. The coins lying on the bed added up to $36. 22. But the bike he wanted cost $88. Where and how could he get the rest of money? He knew his fellows all had bikes, without which he couldn’t hang around with them on weekends. He thought about asking his parents for money, but soon gave up because he knew it wouldn’t happen.
Earning money seemed to be the only way. So he had to find a job first. He decided to turn to Mr Jackie for advice, who usually had opinions on most things. “Well, you can start right here, the floor needs cleaning and my car needs washing. ” Then Tom’s part-time jobs began. For two months he worked every day after finishing his homework. He was surprised by a variety of jobs people found for him to do. He could hardly remember how many cars he had washed and how many windows he had cleaned, but he knew his dream would soon come true because the money kept increasing. The day finally came when he counted all the money he earned and found nearly 100 dollars. He couldn’t wait to go down to the shop to buy his dream bike.
It was by hard work that he bought the bike he had been dreaming of. So he cherished it very much. He had achieved what he thought was impossible, and that was more valuable than the bike.
Eager to show off his new bike to his fellows, he rode home in a hurry.
20 years later, Tom devoted himself to
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