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2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語
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2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語01
2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語02
2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語03
2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語04
2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語05
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2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語

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這是一份2021年中考英語語法知識點及真題訓練:名詞及名詞短語,共9頁。

II. 名詞的數:
1. 規則名詞的復數形式:名詞的復數形式,一般在單數形式后面加-s或-es?,F將構成方法與讀音規則列表如下:
2. 不規則名詞復數:英語里有些名詞的復數形式是不規則的,現歸納如下:
III. 名詞的所有格:
名詞在句中表示所有關系的語法形式叫做名詞所有格。所有格分兩種:一是名詞詞尾加’s構成,二是由介詞f加名詞構成。前者多表示有生命的東西,后者多表示無生命的東西。
1. ’s所有格的構成:
2. ’s所有格的用法:
3. f所有格的用法:
用于無生命的東西:the legs f the chair, the cver f the bk
用于有生命的東西,尤其是有較長定語時:the classrms f the first-year students
用于名詞化的詞:the struggle f the ppressed
1. Betty has a beautiful _________. She wants t be a singer in the future.
A. vice B. lk C. nise D. sund
2.--- What shuld we d fr the camping trip?
--- We’d better make a f things like fds, drinks, medicine and s n.
A. listB. cardC. reprt
3. Which wrd ges with the sund?
A. snackB. smileC. stateD. snake
4. —Lk! They are .
—Yes. We are prud f them.
A. man scientist B. wmen scientists
C. wman scientists D.man scientists
5--Here is my family___.We tk it last year.
A.member B.name C.pht D.huse
6.(1分)I'd like sme_____and_____.
A.banana; tmatB.bananas; tmat
C.bananas; tmatesD.banana; tmates
7.(1分)In China, the clr red is the ________f gd luck
A.dreamB.wayC.symblD.reasn
8.(1分)﹣﹣﹣The air is very fresh in ur city. There is less than befre.
﹣﹣﹣Yes. The gvernment has taken actin t prtect the envirnment
A.wdB.pllutinC.niseD.water
9. I'm nt hungry at all because I have just had much ___________.
A. bread B. pearsC. eggs
10.(1分)Jane is very thirsty, s she needs sme .
A.waterB.breadC.cakesD.rice
11.(1分)My cusin and I ften walk t the______t see pandas n weekends.
A.bankB.zC.market
12.(1分)﹣﹣Wuld yu please______yur e﹣mail address? I missed it just nw.
﹣﹣N prblem.It's fx@163.cm.
A.repeatB.reviewC.recrd
13. I like this sng. It’s by ne f my favrite_________
A. singers B. dancers C. painters D. writers
14Fr his sn’s birthday, Steven is taking him t the new mvie as a .
A. taskB. treatC.chiceD. visit
15.The prblems are difficult t slve.Please give me ____.
A. many advice B.sme advice C. an advice D.sme advices
16. Tim gt fur ____ frm his relatives n Children s Day.
A. tyB. tysC. ties
17. Jurney t the West is a traditinal ____ bk. It has been translated int different languages.
A. AmericanB. BritishC. Chinese
18. —Igrunning every day.
—Ww! That’s a gd ________. It keeps yu healthy.
A. taskB. exerciseC. habit
19. —Oh, my Gd! We have missed the last bus. What shall we d?
—I’m afraid that we have n____ but I take a Laxi,
A. idea B. decisin C. reasn D. chice
20. - Mre and mre freigners cme t visit the Gfeat Wall.
-Tnat's true. It is the____f China_
A. praise B,pride C,effrt D.curage
21. — Creative mrning____ are ppularin ur schl.
—Yes,we dance t fun music, such as the sng Calrie(卡路里).
A. exams B. exercises C.examples D.expressins
22. —Nwadays mre and mre freigners are becming interested in Kungfu.
— That’s true. It’s an imprtant part f Chinese____.
A. inventin B.stry C. culture D. custm
23.—Dad, what is the ludspeaker saying?
—It is t the. The flight t Wuhan is barding nw.
A. custmers B. passengers C. members D. turists
24一Everyne shuld stick t his dream.
一Yes. A life withut a dream is like a bird withut ________, which can't fly.
A. wings B. water C. cluds D. fd
25. -I knw little abut this prduct.
-Surf the Internet, and yu will get much _________abut it.
A. infrmatin B. message C. suggestin
26. We shuld brush ur ________ every day.
A. tthB. teethC. hand
27. Which underlined letter prnunces differently frm the thers?
A. planet B. camping C. rabbit D. shape
28. On April 24, Xie Wenjun raced t gld in the __________110-meter hurdles at the Asian Athletics Champinships in Qatar
A. man B. men C. men's D. mens'
29. US scientist Edward T. Hall said that in a cnversatin between tw peple, 65% f _________
is dne thrugh bdy language.
A. applicatin B. prnunciatin C. intrductin D. cmmunicatin
30. High-speed trains are seen as ne f the new Fur Great f China.
A. Achievements B. Agreements
C. Envirnments D. Instruments
31. - Keep quiet! I need cmplete__________ when I'm wrking.
-Srry, dad. I wn't make any nise again.
A. trust B. silence C. cntrl D. strength
32. –Anna, hw des the dress lk n me?
-T tell yu the ________, it desn’t fit yu well.
A. tradeB. trustC. truthD. treat
33. My mther has a pr _________f directin, s she is always afraid t g ut alne.
A. scene B. silence C. service D. sense
34. Lk at the tw _________ver there. They are teaching the girls t play the guitar.
A. wmen teachers B. wman teachers C. wman teacher
35. My daughter helps me ck, but she isn’t ld enugh t be left alne in the __________.
A. bedrm B. classrm C. lab D. kitchen
36. If I leave my huse at 9 'clck and drive t the airprt, I'll arrive at abut 11. S it's abut tw
_________drive frm my huse t the airprt.
A. hurs' B. hur's C. hurs
37. After years f war, the peple in Syria are thirsty fr ____________.
A. priceB. niseC. peaceD. curse
38. — Lucy, hw abut ging t the ?
— Sunds great! Reading bks can give us much pleasure.
A. libraryB. cinemaC. museumD. cncert
39. The number f the peple using Huawei ________is getting larger and larger.
A. culturesB. custmersC. prductsD. histries
40. —I’m nt sure what t write abut The Secret Garden in the reprt.
—Yu shuld read sme _____ abut the bk befre writing.
A. reviews B. reasns C. results D. rewards
41. When I think f the wrried _______ f freign students wh are learning Chinese, I can g t
study English calmly.
A. lksB. designsC. effrtsD. needs
42. Schls are gd places fr students t get __________and make friends.
A. backgrund B. knwledge
C. attentin D. cmpetitin
43. The article gives students sme___________ abut hw t stay safe nline.
A. suggestins B. activities C. decisins D. advantages
44.WeChat(微信)is ne f the mst cnvenient ways f .
A.infrmatin B.cmpetitin
C.cmmunicatin D.pllutin
45. T keep ur city beautiful, theare always very busy in the streets. We shuldn’t thrw rubbish everywhere.
A.plicemenB.cleanersC. drivers
46.Night Safari is an amazing __________ and yu can watch animals there at night.
A. schlB. zC. hspital
47. Upstairs are bedrms. They are tidy and nice. But are in a mess.
A. Lily’s and Lucy’s; ur B. Lily’s and Lucy’s; urs
C. Lily’s and Lucy; ursD. Lily and Lucy’s; ur
48. The fd safety is a serius in many cuntries. Peple shuld try t slve it.
A. subjectB. prgramC. prblemD. pinin
49. The _____________f the 2019 Beijing Internatinal Hrticultural Exp(園藝博覽會)is“Live Green, Live Better.”
A.symbl B.cnditin C.theme D.inventin
50. - Sir, did yu enjy yur stay in ur________________?
- Yes, I slept well and I like the breakfast.
A. htel B. schl C. factry D. cmpany
51. One ____ f the bk is missing, s I can’t learn the whle stry.
A. cpyB. pageC. writerD. reader
答案:1. AADBC 6. CCBAA 11. BAABB 16. BCCDB
21. DCBAA 26.BDCDA 31. BCDAD 36. ACACA
41. ABACB 46. BBCCA 51.B專有名詞
普通名詞
國名地名人名,團體機構名稱
可數名詞
不可數名詞
個體名詞
集體名詞
抽象名詞
物質名詞
規則
例詞
1
一般情況在詞尾加-s
map-maps, sea-seas, girl-girls, day-days
2
以s, x, ch, sh結尾的名詞后加-es
class-classes, bx-bxes, watch-watches, dish-dishes
3
以-f或-fe結尾的詞
變-f和-fe為v再加-es
leaf-leaves, thief-thieves, knife-knives,
wife-wives, half-halves
加-s
chief-chiefs, prf-prfs, rf-rfs
4
以輔音字母加y結尾的名詞,變y為i加-es
party-parties, family-families, stry-stries, city-cities
5
以元音字母加y結尾的名詞,或專有名詞以y結尾的,加-s
ty-tys, by-bys, day-days, ray-rays, Henry-Henrys
6
以輔音字母加-結尾的名詞
一般加-es
Negr-Negres, her-heres, ptat-ptates, tmat-tmates
不少外來詞加-s
pian-pians, pht-phts, aut-auts, kil-kils, sl-sls
兩者皆可
zer-zers/zeres, vlcan-vlcanes/ vlcans
7
以元音字母加-結尾的名詞加-s
radi-radis, bamb-bambs, z-zs
8
以-th結尾的名詞加-s
truth-truths, muth-muths, mnth-mnths, path-paths,
規則
例詞
1
改變名詞中的元音字母或其他形式
man-men, wman-wmen, ft-feet, gse-geese, muse-mice
2
單復數相同
sheep, deer, means, wrks, fish, yuan, jin,
3
只有復數形式
trusers, clthes, thanks, gds, glasses,
4
一些集體名詞總是用作復數
peple, plice
5
部分集體名詞既可以作單數(整體)也可以作復數(成員)
class, family, crwd, cuple, grup, gvernment, ppulatin, team, public, party
6
復數形式表示特別含義
custms(海關), times(時代), spirits(情緒), drinks(飲料), sands(沙灘), papers(文件報紙), lks(外表), brains(頭腦智力), greens(青菜)
7
表示“某國人”
加-s
Americans, Australians, Germans, Greeks, Swedes, Eurpeans
單復數同形
Swiss, Prtuguese, Chinese, Japanese
以-man或-wman結尾的改為-men,-wmen
Englishmen, Frenchwmen
8
合成名詞
將主體名詞變為復數
sns-in-law, lkers-n, passers-by, stry-tellers, by friends
無主體名詞時將最后一部分變為復數
grwn-ups, husewives, stpwatches
將兩部分變為復數
wmen singers, men servants
單數名詞在末尾加’s
the by’s father, Jack’s bk, her sn-in-law’s pht,
復數名詞
一般在末尾加’
the teachers’ rm, the twins’ mther,
不規則復數名詞后加’s
the children’s tys, wmen’s rights,
以s結尾的人名所有格加’s或者’
Dickens’ nvels, Charles’s jb, the Smiths’ huse
表示各自的所有關系時,各名詞末尾均須加’s
Japan’s and America’s prblems, Jane’s and Mary’s bikes
表示共有的所有關系時在最后一詞末加’s
Japan and America’s prblems, Jane and Mary’s father
表示"某人家""店鋪",所有格后名詞省略
the dctr’s, the barber’s, the tailr’s, my uncle’s

表示時間
tday’s newspaper, five weeks’ hliday
2
表示自然現象
the earth’s atmsphere, the tree’s branches
3
表示國家城市等地方的名詞
the cuntry’s plan, the wrld’s ppulatin, China’s industry
4
表示工作群體
the ship’s crew, majrity’s view, the team’s victry
5
表示度量衡及價值
a mile’s jurney, five dllars’ wrth f apples
6
與人類活動有特殊關系的名詞
the life’s time, the play’s plt
7
某些固定詞組
a bird’s eye view, a stne’s thrw, at ne’s wit’s end(不知所措)
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